Indian nationals outside India on short assignments can claim exemption from contributing towards foreign social security.

Recently there has been an increase in the transition of skilled workers from India to other countries on short term assignments. During such transition the employees continue contributing towards the social security in their home country. Also, they need to contribute towards the same in the country of deputation. But they hardly benefit from the same as most of the countries either do not permit export of such benefits or they have contribution period criterion which is not satisfied due to shorter stay period.

Social Security Agreements (SSAs) can be helpful here. Adhering to them, employees working in a foreign country with which India has SSA can avoid contributing towards social security of that country*. Such employees may rather continue contributing towards social security in India and it is mandatory for them to contribute towards Provident Fund in India irrespective of their salary.



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