Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923


The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 is among the earliest social security legislations in India, enacted with the purpose of making the employer liable to pay compensation to employees who are affected, or to their dependents in case of death. Compensation is payable in case of injury and accident (including certain occupational disease) arising out of and in course of employment and resulting in partial or total disablement, or death.


Compensation in case of death ranges from Rs. 80000 to Rs. 4.56 lakh and in the case of permanent total disability from Rs. 90000 to Rs. 5.48 lakh.

The Act is equally applicable to women employees too.



Human Resource Management (2009), Indian Adaptation, 11th edition, Gary Dessler & Biju Varkkey, Pearson Education.

Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923. 

Disclaimer: This section provides only a brief of Indian legislation and should not be considered as legal advice.