Forced Labour

Prohibition on Forced and Compulsory Labour

The Constitution of India prohibits forced labour and considers it an offence punishable under the law. State can however impose compulsory service for public purposes. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 makes all forms of bonded labour illegal. Anyone who compels another person to render any bonded labour is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and also with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees.

Source: §23 of Indian Constitution 1949 last revised in 2012; §4 & 16 of the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976

Freedom to Change Jobs and Right to Quit

Workers have the right to change jobs after serving due notice. For more information on this, please refer to the section on employment security.

Source: §15 of the Model Standing Orders

Inhumane Working Conditions

Working time may be extended beyond normal working hours of forty eight hours per week and nine hours a day. In certain circumstances, workers may be required to work overtime. In allowing the spread over of 10.5 hours every day, law actually allows for two hours of overtime work per day.

For more information on this, please refer to the section on compensation.

Source: § 51, 54, 59-63 of Factories Act 1948

Regulations on Forced Labour

  • Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986